1600s - Religious freedom was being repressed in Ireland and
French settlers arrived to become known as the Acadians. The places now
known as Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Maine were the land of Acadia.
1605 - Port Royal was settled by the French.
1621 - James I of England and James VI of Scotland gave the
colonizing rights to Sir William Alexander for the land and war between
the English and French began.
1632 - English and French war ended when the land was handed
over to the French who then named the region Acadie. Families with the names
Arsenault, Babin, Belliveau, Boudrot, Bourg, Bourgeois, Brault, Comeau, Cormier,
Dugast, Gaudet, Gilroarad, Landry, LeBlanc, Poirier and Theriot settled. These
families traded with the Mi'kmaq people and exchanges included fish, fur, spice
1633 - The first apple trees (Gravenstein) were planted in
1654 - The English attacked Port Royal. A battle continued for
1670 - The English returned Port Royal to the French. A census
indicates Scots, Irish, Basque and a mixture of both Catholics and Protestants
residing in Nova Scotia. Trades of the 350 individuals listed that year range
through carpentry, barrel- making, tailoring, masonry, lumbering, blacksmithing
1671 - Acadian villages founded including Bourgeois founded by
Jacques Bourgeois and three sons (Charles, Guillaume and Germain).
1680 - Grand Pre founded.
1703 - Piziquid (Windsor) founded.
1713 - Treaty of Utrecht makes all of Nova Scotia except for
Cape Breton Island and the islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence territory of
1749 - Halifax settled by 2500 veterans and their families.
Col. Edward Cornwallis, first civil Governor of NS arrived in Halifax with 2,576
settlers of English, Irish, Welsh, Swiss and German backgrounds on 13 transports.
Irish Catholics started coming with Cornwallis as servants and mariners.
1750 - French and English again in battle in Nova Scotia and
each side constructed forts near Amherst, Fort Lawrence and Fort Beausejour.
1750s - Indians conducted raids against settlements.
1752 - By the end of the year there were about 4,000 people
living in Halifax and gradually they moved to settle other areas along the coast
westwards from the city. Many of these settlers were veteran military personnel
and their families. Foreign Protestants in Lunenburg received land grants for
1753 - Lunenburg (Merligueshe) becomes second British settlement
after Halifax. Some 1,453 of the original Halifax pioneers went to the new
settlement. Their place of origin before migrating would have been Switzerland,
Germany or France. Many of the Foreign Protestants later would move to
communities around the bay. Foreign Protestants were from Palatinate region of
Germany, Wurttemburg, Germany, Montbeliard, France and Switzerland (Zurich and
Bern). Many families moved to Mahone Bay, drew their grants for land along the
1754 - Prospect first settled by Irish and English fishermen who
were attracted to the area by the abundance of fish.
1755 - Fort Beausejour is taken by the English and was renamed
Fort Cumberland. As a result of this, the forceful expulsion of the French by the
British military took place. Some managed to escape into the woods and lived with
1755 - Some of the Foreign Protestants left Lunenburg for work
1756 - A road to connect Halifax and Lunenburg commenced
1757 - Naval dockyard in Halifax constructed on Barrington
Street. Smallpox outbreak in Halifax devasted many families.
1758 - By the end of this year, the British had conquered every
French place of strength in Nova Scotia.
1759 - Violent hurricane hit Nova Scotia in November.
1759-1768 - 8,000 settlers from New England arrive and became
known as "Planters", meaning colonists, many who were descendents of Puritans
and who brought their slaves with them.
1760 - Peace Treaty signed with Mi'kmaq
1761 - The ship Hopeful brings 200-300 Irish to Halifax.
1763 - British colony is administered by a Governor and
appointed Council of 12.
1764 - Shad Bay first inhabited by the Marlow family
1765 - On May 12th, the first public fair took place, now known
as Hants County Exhibition.
1770s - Immigrants to Nova Scotia came from England because of
lack of work and low wages at home.
1773 - 250 people resident in Prospect
1775 - Martial Law declared in NS as authorities became concerned
about the American Revolution. For a time it seemed some who had settled in NS
would join the rebels. Privateer raids on NS settlements.
1776 - NS launched licensed Privateers to make war on the King's
enemies and to take possession of captured vessels. A military raid was made on
NS by a group of militiamen from Maine and until the end of the war, NS was
continually threatened by American Privateers; In this case, they were actually
pirates because their vessels landed and looted settlements in NS, a declared
1783 - End of American Revolution brought 25,000 of those loyal
to Britain and called the Loyalists. They had originally settled British North
American from England, Holland, Germany, Ireland, Scotland, Wales and included
soldiers, housewives, farmers, and tradespeople who were to become fishers and
farmers in their new homes. Some of these families received 500 to 600 acres of
land and brought their slaves with them.
1785 - Disbanded Scottish regiments settling around St.
Margaret's Bay. Philip Bernard and his son received a grant of 500 acres at the
Head of St. Margaret's Bay. Descendents of the early settlers, the Foreign
Protestants moved away from Mahone Bay and Lunenburg into the St. Margaret's Bay
area, to the eastern shore of the province and to Tatamagouche.
1787 - Rev. Charles Inglis become first Anglican Bishop of NS.
1789 - William Frederick Coolen born in Prospect.
1789 - First Thanksgiving in USA
1794 - First Catholic Church on eastern shore of NS built in
Prospect (Our Lady of Mount Carmel/Rev. James Jones)
1797 - Richard John Uniake, an Irishman, became Attorney General
1800 - Britain at war with Spain.
1810 - During American Revolutionary War, an American
Privateer of 7 guns and 24 men were captured in Dover Harbour.
1812 - Prospect Road constructed from Halifax up to White's
1812 - War in the states, the Americans attacked British
North America and Nova Scotians sailed against them when South Shore fishing
villages were attacked.
1816 - First steamboat travels from Halifax to Dartmouth on
1818 - The Brig Margaret Bell went ashore off Marr's Island,
1819 - Governor Dalhousie opens the first legislative session
in Halifax at Province House.
1820 - Population of Halifax was 4000.
1827 - 307 in residence in Prospect.
1830s - A group of Irish settlers made their way to
Newfoundland before heading further south to the shores of Nova Scotia,
many settled in Prospect and were known as the "Newfoundland Irish."
1849 - St. Peter's Catholic Church built in Terence Bay.
1851 - Population of Nova Scotia was 267,000.
1852 - Land in Terence Bay granted to families, many from
Mahone Bay in Lunenburg County.
1853 - Nova Scotia Railway Co. incorporates as a government
1854 - Crimean War broke out.
1854-66 - Reciprocity Treaty with US (Trade of natural
goods took place between Canada and the USA with no tariffs [taxes] imposed
on goods at the border.) Nova Scotian's were leery of the treaty because
they feared American competition in their fisheries.
1856 - Our Lady of Mount Carmel Catholic Church built in
1860s - Kerosene replaces whale oil and candles.
1860s - Railways were being built
1861 - Population of NS is 330,000
1861 - American Civil War started
1866-71 - Fenian Raids along the shore
1867 - Population of Prospect, Terence Bay, White's Lake,
Shad Bay and Blind Bay totals 1350. Prospect votes against Confederation.
1869-80 - Prosperous years along the coast with an increase
in the populations of these fishing villages.
1870 - First telephone
1871 - Census shows 856 residents in Prospect. Totally in
NS there were: 113,520 English; 130,741 Scots; 62,851 Irish; and 1,112
1873 - SS Atlantic grounds and sinks off the coast of
Terence Bay and Lower Prospect with 547 lives lost.
1875 - Population of Halifax is 80,000
1876 - Three Nuns (Sisters of Charity) went to Lower
Prospect (Sister Mary Jerome Grimmen, Sister Mary Cornelia Tynan and Sister
Mary Philippa Melanson) and took charge of schooling.
1878 - On March 8th the first long distance telephone call
in Nova Scotia was placed by Henry S. Poole, Inspector of Mines. He called
from Truro to Halifax.
1880s - Famine in Ireland forced many to leave and immigrate
1880 - First County Council meeting held in Halifax.
1880-1904 - Patrick Christian of Prospect was lighthouse
keeper at Betty's Island.
1881 - Population of Prospect area was 1135 residents.
1888 - John H. Bartlett elected Councillor of Terence Bay.
1891 - Population of Prospect area was 662 residents.
1892 - American Charles Ganton searches for rumoured buried
treasure of a pirate off Cochrane's or Big Island near Shad Bay.
1893 - William Flemming's two sons drowned in Terence Bay
1895 - Rev. Parker's first mass was given at St. Peter's
Church in Terence Bay.
1896 - Butter cost 23 cents a pound.
1899 - First Canadian contingent left for Boer War on
1901 - Census shows 465 residents in Prospect.
1908 - Ford's Tin Lizzie first hits the road
1914-1918 - World War I
1917 - On Dec. 6, Halifax Explosion
1921 - Our Lady of Mount Carmel in Prospect burns
and is rebuilt
1922 - Rich Drew elected Councillor of Terence Bay
1923 - St. Peter's Church in Lower Prospect was blown
down by a storm.
1925 - Star of the Sea Church built in Terence Bay
and first mass took place on Nov. 21st. First wedding was a double
wedding on Nov. 25th: William Umlah and Evelyn Little; Demerus Slaunwhite
and Mary Pettipas were wed that day.
1925 - First Terence Bay Catholic Church Picnic and
Fair took place and raised $150.
1925 - First doctor visited Terence Bay, Dr. Herman.
1926 - Christmas gifts from Sears catalogue
new sled 2.39
catcher's mitt 48 cents
child's tea set 98 cents
train set 8.79
rocking horse 2.98
violin with bow 2.69
accordion 98 cents
l929-1939 - Depression years
1937 - First washing machines appeared.
1938 - Travelling from Prospect by boat Sisters of
Charity came to Terence Bay from Prospect and started the craft
1938 - Star of the Sea Convent built in Terence
Bay by Sisters of Charity.
1939 - Tea cost 53 cents a pound.
1939-1945 - World War II
1940 - On Sept. 15, big waves swamped the coast.
Surging flood of water carried away fish sheds and stores in these
1941 - NS census showed 221,442 English; 154,846 Scots
and 65,300 Irish in the population.
1943 - Buddies Canteen opened in Terence Bay
1944 - St. Paul's Church of England struck by lightning
in Terence Bay.
1944 - July 11, VE Day, unconditional surrender of
1945 - In July, Bedford Magazine Exploded. One hundred
families resided in Terence Bay. Prices: pint of milk $1; tea 70 cents
a pound; half a pound of coffee $1; pound of butter $1; half a dozen
of eggs $1.
1945 - St. Paul's Church of England rebuilt in Terence
1947 - Gas in Halifax cost 18 cents a gallon. First
street light in Prospect. A new Ford Deluxe sedan cost $1,696. Boxer
Richard Kid Howard of Terence Bay retains Maritime Lightweight Champion
1948 - Gas cost 37.5 cents and furnace oil cost 16.25
cents. Kerosene went for 22 cents a gallon. Beer at a tavern in Halifax
cost 25 cents a pint. First television set brought to Terence Bay.
Electric trolly operated for the first time in Halifax.
1945 - On July 18, the Bedford Magazine blew up.
Damage cost $4 million dollars.
1951 - 1500 men worked as stevedores on the Halifax
waterfront, working around the clock to handle 18 ships.
1959 - Atlantic Memorial Elementary School opens in
Shad Bay. Prospect school closed.
1961 - Census shows 13 percent of the population in
Nova Scotia is of Irish descent and 33 percent of English descent
including Scots and Welsh.
1952 - Pilot Michael Mellivock dies when his plane
crashed in Terence Bay.
1957 - A plane crashed on rocks at Wreck Cove, Terence
Bay setting the woods on fire and killing the pilot Conrad Bissett.
1958 - Terence Bay Crossroad School graduates 8 students
(4 girls and 4 boys) from Grade 9.
1959 - Vocational School opening in Halifax
1961 - Census shows 13 percent of NS population is of
Irish descent and 33 percent of English descent, including Scots and
1962 - Thomas Welsh house burned down in Hatchet Lake.
1978 - Lighthouse at Terence Bay goes into automated operation.