1600s ~ 1700s ~  1800s ~ 1900s ~  Top of Page

1600s - Religious freedom was being repressed in Ireland and French settlers arrived to become known as the Acadians. The places now known as Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Maine were the land of Acadia.

1605 - Port Royal was settled by the French.

1621 - James I of England and James VI of Scotland gave the colonizing rights to Sir William Alexander for the land and war between the English and French began.

1632 - English and French war ended when the land was handed over to the French who then named the region Acadie. Families with the names Arsenault, Babin, Belliveau, Boudrot, Bourg, Bourgeois, Brault, Comeau, Cormier, Dugast, Gaudet, Gilroarad, Landry, LeBlanc, Poirier and Theriot settled. These families traded with the Mi'kmaq people and exchanges included fish, fur, spice and medicine.

1633 - The first apple trees (Gravenstein) were planted in Granville.

1654 - The English attacked Port Royal. A battle continued for 6 years.

1670 - The English returned Port Royal to the French. A census indicates Scots, Irish, Basque and a mixture of both Catholics and Protestants residing in Nova Scotia. Trades of the 350 individuals listed that year range through carpentry, barrel- making, tailoring, masonry, lumbering, blacksmithing and candlemaking.

1671 - Acadian villages founded including Bourgeois founded by Jacques Bourgeois and three sons (Charles, Guillaume and Germain).

1680 - Grand Pre founded.

1600s ~ 1700s ~  1800s ~ 1900s ~  Top of Page

1703 - Piziquid (Windsor) founded.

1713 - Treaty of Utrecht makes all of Nova Scotia except for Cape Breton Island and the islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence territory of Britain.

1749 - Halifax settled by 2500 veterans and their families. Col. Edward Cornwallis, first civil Governor of NS arrived in Halifax with 2,576 settlers of English, Irish, Welsh, Swiss and German backgrounds on 13 transports. Irish Catholics started coming with Cornwallis as servants and mariners.

1750 - French and English again in battle in Nova Scotia and each side constructed forts near Amherst, Fort Lawrence and Fort Beausejour.

1750s - Indians conducted raids against settlements.

1752 - By the end of the year there were about 4,000 people living in Halifax and gradually they moved to settle other areas along the coast westwards from the city. Many of these settlers were veteran military personnel and their families. Foreign Protestants in Lunenburg received land grants for Bay areas.

1753 - Lunenburg (Merligueshe) becomes second British settlement after Halifax. Some 1,453 of the original Halifax pioneers went to the new settlement. Their place of origin before migrating would have been Switzerland, Germany or France. Many of the Foreign Protestants later would move to communities around the bay. Foreign Protestants were from Palatinate region of Germany, Wurttemburg, Germany, Montbeliard, France and Switzerland (Zurich and Bern). Many families moved to Mahone Bay, drew their grants for land along the south shore.

1754 - Prospect first settled by Irish and English fishermen who were attracted to the area by the abundance of fish.

1755 - Fort Beausejour is taken by the English and was renamed Fort Cumberland. As a result of this, the forceful expulsion of the French by the British military took place. Some managed to escape into the woods and lived with the Mi'kmaqs.

1755 - Some of the Foreign Protestants left Lunenburg for work in Halifax.

1756 - A road to connect Halifax and Lunenburg commenced construction.

1757 - Naval dockyard in Halifax constructed on Barrington Street. Smallpox outbreak in Halifax devasted many families.

1758 - By the end of this year, the British had conquered every French place of strength in Nova Scotia.

1759 - Violent hurricane hit Nova Scotia in November.

1759-1768 - 8,000 settlers from New England arrive and became known as "Planters", meaning colonists, many who were descendents of Puritans and who brought their slaves with them.

1760 - Peace Treaty signed with Mi'kmaq

1761 - The ship Hopeful brings 200-300 Irish to Halifax.

1763 - British colony is administered by a Governor and appointed Council of 12.

1764 - Shad Bay first inhabited by the Marlow family

1765 - On May 12th, the first public fair took place, now known as Hants County Exhibition.

1770s - Immigrants to Nova Scotia came from England because of lack of work and low wages at home.

1773 - 250 people resident in Prospect

1775 - Martial Law declared in NS as authorities became concerned about the American Revolution. For a time it seemed some who had settled in NS would join the rebels. Privateer raids on NS settlements.

1776 - NS launched licensed Privateers to make war on the King's enemies and to take possession of captured vessels. A military raid was made on NS by a group of militiamen from Maine and until the end of the war, NS was continually threatened by American Privateers; In this case, they were actually pirates because their vessels landed and looted settlements in NS, a declared neutral colony.

1783 - End of American Revolution brought 25,000 of those loyal to Britain and called the Loyalists. They had originally settled British North American from England, Holland, Germany, Ireland, Scotland, Wales and included soldiers, housewives, farmers, and tradespeople who were to become fishers and farmers in their new homes. Some of these families received 500 to 600 acres of land and brought their slaves with them.

1785 - Disbanded Scottish regiments settling around St. Margaret's Bay. Philip Bernard and his son received a grant of 500 acres at the Head of St. Margaret's Bay. Descendents of the early settlers, the Foreign Protestants moved away from Mahone Bay and Lunenburg into the St. Margaret's Bay area, to the eastern shore of the province and to Tatamagouche.

1787 - Rev. Charles Inglis become first Anglican Bishop of NS.

1789 - William Frederick Coolen born in Prospect.

1789 - First Thanksgiving in USA

1794 - First Catholic Church on eastern shore of NS built in Prospect (Our Lady of Mount Carmel/Rev. James Jones)

1797 - Richard John Uniake, an Irishman, became Attorney General of NS

1600s ~ 1700s ~  1800s ~ 1900s ~  Top of Page

1800 - Britain at war with Spain.

1810 - During American Revolutionary War, an American Privateer of 7 guns and 24 men were captured in Dover Harbour.

1812 - Prospect Road constructed from Halifax up to White's Lake.

1812 - War in the states, the Americans attacked British North America and Nova Scotians sailed against them when South Shore fishing villages were attacked.

1816 - First steamboat travels from Halifax to Dartmouth on Oct. 9th.

1818 - The Brig Margaret Bell went ashore off Marr's Island, Terence Bay.

1819 - Governor Dalhousie opens the first legislative session in Halifax at Province House.

1820 - Population of Halifax was 4000.

1827 - 307 in residence in Prospect.

1830s - A group of Irish settlers made their way to Newfoundland before heading further south to the shores of Nova Scotia, many settled in Prospect and were known as the "Newfoundland Irish."

1849 - St. Peter's Catholic Church built in Terence Bay.

1851 - Population of Nova Scotia was 267,000.

1852 - Land in Terence Bay granted to families, many from Mahone Bay in Lunenburg County.

1853 - Nova Scotia Railway Co. incorporates as a government enterprise.

1854 - Crimean War broke out.

1854-66 - Reciprocity Treaty with US (Trade of natural goods took place between Canada and the USA with no tariffs [taxes] imposed on goods at the border.) Nova Scotian's were leery of the treaty because they feared American competition in their fisheries.

1856 - Our Lady of Mount Carmel Catholic Church built in Prospect.

1860s - Kerosene replaces whale oil and candles.

1860s - Railways were being built

1861 - Population of NS is 330,000

1861 - American Civil War started

1866-71 - Fenian Raids along the shore

1867 - Population of Prospect, Terence Bay, White's Lake, Shad Bay and Blind Bay totals 1350. Prospect votes against Confederation.

1869-80 - Prosperous years along the coast with an increase in the populations of these fishing villages.

1870 - First telephone

1871 - Census shows 856 residents in Prospect. Totally in NS there were: 113,520 English; 130,741 Scots; 62,851 Irish; and 1,112 Welsh.

1873 - SS Atlantic grounds and sinks off the coast of Terence Bay and Lower Prospect with 547 lives lost.

1875 - Population of Halifax is 80,000

1876 - Three Nuns (Sisters of Charity) went to Lower Prospect (Sister Mary Jerome Grimmen, Sister Mary Cornelia Tynan and Sister Mary Philippa Melanson) and took charge of schooling.

1878 - On March 8th the first long distance telephone call in Nova Scotia was placed by Henry S. Poole, Inspector of Mines. He called from Truro to Halifax.

1880s - Famine in Ireland forced many to leave and immigrate to Canada.

1880 - First County Council meeting held in Halifax.

1880-1904 - Patrick Christian of Prospect was lighthouse keeper at Betty's Island.

1881 - Population of Prospect area was 1135 residents.

1888 - John H. Bartlett elected Councillor of Terence Bay.

1891 - Population of Prospect area was 662 residents.

1892 - American Charles Ganton searches for rumoured buried treasure of a pirate off Cochrane's or Big Island near Shad Bay.

1893 - William Flemming's two sons drowned in Terence Bay Harbour.

1895 - Rev. Parker's first mass was given at St. Peter's Church in Terence Bay.

1896 - Butter cost 23 cents a pound.

1899 - First Canadian contingent left for Boer War on October 29th.

1600s ~ 1700s ~  1800s ~ 1900s ~  Top of Page

1901 - Census shows 465 residents in Prospect.

1908 - Ford's Tin Lizzie first hits the road

1914-1918 - World War I

1917 - On Dec. 6, Halifax Explosion

1921 - Our Lady of Mount Carmel in Prospect burns and is rebuilt

1922 - Rich Drew elected Councillor of Terence Bay

1923 - St. Peter's Church in Lower Prospect was blown down by a storm.

1925 - Star of the Sea Church built in Terence Bay and first mass took place on Nov. 21st. First wedding was a double wedding on Nov. 25th: William Umlah and Evelyn Little; Demerus Slaunwhite and Mary Pettipas were wed that day.

1925 - First Terence Bay Catholic Church Picnic and Fair took place and raised $150.

1925 - First doctor visited Terence Bay, Dr. Herman.

1926 - Christmas gifts from Sears catalogue
        new sled 2.39
        catcher's mitt 48 cents
        child's tea set 98 cents
        train set 8.79
        rocking horse 2.98
        tricycle 6.98
        violin with bow 2.69
        drum 1.98
        accordion 98 cents

l929-1939 - Depression years

1937 - First washing machines appeared.

1938 - Travelling from Prospect by boat Sisters of Charity came to Terence Bay from Prospect and started the craft cooperative there.

1938 - Star of the Sea Convent built in Terence Bay by Sisters of Charity.

1939 - Tea cost 53 cents a pound.

1939-1945 - World War II

1940 - On Sept. 15, big waves swamped the coast. Surging flood of water carried away fish sheds and stores in these coastal villages.

1941 - NS census showed 221,442 English; 154,846 Scots and 65,300 Irish in the population.

1943 - Buddies Canteen opened in Terence Bay

1944 - St. Paul's Church of England struck by lightning in Terence Bay.

1944 - July 11, VE Day, unconditional surrender of Germany.

1945 - In July, Bedford Magazine Exploded. One hundred families resided in Terence Bay. Prices: pint of milk $1; tea 70 cents a pound; half a pound of coffee $1; pound of butter $1; half a dozen of eggs $1.

1945 - St. Paul's Church of England rebuilt in Terence Bay.

1947 - Gas in Halifax cost 18 cents a gallon. First street light in Prospect. A new Ford Deluxe sedan cost $1,696. Boxer Richard Kid Howard of Terence Bay retains Maritime Lightweight Champion title.

1948 - Gas cost 37.5 cents and furnace oil cost 16.25 cents. Kerosene went for 22 cents a gallon. Beer at a tavern in Halifax cost 25 cents a pint. First television set brought to Terence Bay. Electric trolly operated for the first time in Halifax.

1945 - On July 18, the Bedford Magazine blew up. Damage cost $4 million dollars.

1951 - 1500 men worked as stevedores on the Halifax waterfront, working around the clock to handle 18 ships.

1959 - Atlantic Memorial Elementary School opens in Shad Bay. Prospect school closed.

1961 - Census shows 13 percent of the population in Nova Scotia is of Irish descent and 33 percent of English descent including Scots and Welsh.

1952 - Pilot Michael Mellivock dies when his plane crashed in Terence Bay.

1957 - A plane crashed on rocks at Wreck Cove, Terence Bay setting the woods on fire and killing the pilot Conrad Bissett.

1958 - Terence Bay Crossroad School graduates 8 students (4 girls and 4 boys) from Grade 9.

1959 - Vocational School opening in Halifax

1961 - Census shows 13 percent of NS population is of Irish descent and 33 percent of English descent, including Scots and Welsh.

1962 - Thomas Welsh house burned down in Hatchet Lake.

1978 - Lighthouse at Terence Bay goes into automated operation.

1600s ~ 1700s ~  1800s ~ 1900s ~  Top of Page